ID: 65662
Title: Spatial and Temporal Variations of Noise Level at Oja Oba Market Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria
Author: O.S. Olaniyan, A.A. Adegbola, O.T. Oyedele and O.M. Oyewale
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (10) Oct. 22 page 1208-1215 2022.
Subject: Spatial and Temporal Variations of Noise Level at Oja Oba Market Ibadan, Southwestern Nigeria
Keywords: Decibel, Noise level, Oja Oba market, Sound level meter, SPSS 20
Abstract: Noise pollution is one of the major problems facing the modern world at large due to economic growth, industrialization and uncontrolled urbanization. Exposure to high noise pollution levels has physiological (auditory) and psychological effects. The project aims to determine variations in noise level and pollution produced within the Oja Oba area in Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria. The environmental equivalent noise levels (Leq) were measured at 12 randomly selected spots within Oja Oba market in the morning and afternoon between September and October 2020 using an SW-524 LCD digital sound level meter. The meter was held at about 1.5 m above ground levels and 3 m from the noise source around each spot for 1/4 of an hour before readings were taken to ensure good area coverage, stability and uniformity in measurement. The average noise pollution level (Lnp) was calculated using a standard equation. The standard deviation of disease and area affected by noise pollution were 0.2 and 0.3589, respectively. The equivalent noise level in the market at the 12 selected points for working days and weekends ranged between 70-98 and 68-106 dBA, respectively. The average noise pollution level in the market varied from 87-128 dBA. These equivalent noise levels and average noise pollution for the Oja Oba market were computed. The obtained data can serve as baseline information for noise pollution modelling and control.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Ugbebor, J. N., B. Yorkor and N. Joy. 2017. Evaluation of noise levels in oil mill market and its environs, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Curr. J. Appl. Sci. Tech., 21(1):1-11. Singh, N. and S.C. Davar. 2004. Noise pollution sources, effects and control. J. Human Ecol., 16(3): 181-187.
Literature cited 2: Abah, E. and U. Unah. 2016. Environmental pollution and sustainable development in Nigeria. Int. Res. J. Env. Sci., 5(5): 1-8. Anieiok, O.A. 2018. Environmental noise and impact in major markets in Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria. Global J. Human Social Sci., 18(1): 1-7.


ID: 65661
Title: Bioleaching of Copper from Auto-Switch and Inverter Printed Circuit Board using Microbial Metabolites
Author: Riddhi I. Mistri, Rinkal J. Chaudhary, Jhanvi K. Rathi, Shital C. Thacker and Devayani R. Tipre
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (10) Oct. 22 page 1202-1207 2022.
Subject: Bioleaching of Copper from Auto-Switch and Inverter Printed Circuit Board using Microbial Metabolites
Keywords: Waste printed circuit boards, Auto-switch, Inverter, Bioleaching, Oxidising iron bacteria, Consortium, Copper
Abstract: Electronic equipment commonly known as e-waste is the fastest-growing solid waste in the world. E-waste is nowadays preferentially used for the recovery of metals from printed circuit boards (PCBs). The PCB is a significant part of all electronic waste, and it is a potential source of different metals, thus known as an urban mine. The study aimed to enhance the extraction of copper from pulverised waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs) using an iron-oxidising consortium from the inverter and auto-switch WPCBs. Microbial leaching is based mainly on the potential of microorganisms to generate lixiviants that mobilise metals from PCBs. Iron-oxidising bacteria generate ferric iron and protons that extract several metals in the aqueous phase. In this study, optimisation of various parameters was done. Optimised conditions for inverter WPCBs and auto-switch WPCBs showed more than 95% extraction of copper at pH 1.8 to 2.0, ferrous iron concentration from 6% to 8% and pulp density of 10%.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Khatri, B.R., et al. 2018. Chemical and microbial leaching of base metals from obsolete cell-phone printed circuit boards. Sustain. Env. Res., 28(6): 333-339. Hagelüken., C. 2006. Recycling of electronic scrap at Umicore precious metals refining. Acta. Metall. Slovaca. 12:111–120.
Literature cited 2: Pradhan, J.K. and S. Kumar. 2012. Metals biolea-ching from electronic waste by Chromobacterium violaceum and Pseudomonads sp. Waste Manage. Res., 30:1151–1159. Akinseye, V.O. 2013. Electronic waste components in developing countries: Harmless substances or potential carcinogen. Ann. Rev. Res. Biol., 3:131–147.


ID: 65660
Title: Groundwater Quality Assessment in Lingasugur Taluk, Karnataka Using Water Quality Index and Geographic Information System
Author: Swanand A. Ajgaonkar and S. Manjunatha
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (10) Oct. 22 page 1194-1201 2022.
Subject: Groundwater Quality Assessment in Lingasugur Taluk, Karnataka Using Water Quality Index and Geographic Information System
Keywords: Eastern Dharwar Craton, Lingasugur, Water quality index, Geographic information system, Inverse distance weighted, Spatial distribution
Abstract: The study of groundwater quality in Lingasugur taluk of Raichur district has resulted in a large hydrochemistry data which is here simplified with the water quality index (WQI) for better understanding of the overall quality parameters alongwith the categorized areal extent. A total of 116 groundwater samples have been collected in each season of pre-monsoon and post-monsoon to study the hydrochemistry as well as seasonal variation in the physico-chemical parameters. The collected groundwater samples were analyzed for physical characteristics, such as pH, EC and TDS alongwith the chemical major ions, like Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, Cl–, SO42-, HCO3–, CO32-, NO3– and F–. The correlation analysis has been carried out to understand the geochemical processing controlling groundwater geochemistry. The water quality index (WQI) values were categorized into six classes and mentioned the statistical data accordingly. The result suggests that the overall quality of the study area is suitable for irrigation and industrial use whereas only 6% and 4% of the water samples are suitable for drinking purposes during pre-monsoon and post-monsoon seasons, respectively. This study illustrates the usefulness of WQI and understanding the water quality along with the extent of the contamination.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Brindha, K. and R. Kavitha. 2015. Hydrochemical assessment of surface water and groundwater quality along Uyyakondan channel, South India. Env. Earth Sci., 73(9): 5383-5393. Nickson, R.T., et al. 2005. Arsenic and other drinking water quality issues, Muzaffargarh district, Pakistan. Appl. Geochem., 20(1): 55-68.
Literature cited 2: Falah, F., et al. 2017. Applicability of generalized additive model in groundwater potential modelling and comparison its performance by bivariate statistical methods. Geocarto Int., 32(10): 1069-1089. Bouderbala, A. 2017. Assessment of water quality index for the groundwater in the upper Cheliff plain, Algeria. J. Geol. Soc. India. 90(3): 347-356.


ID: 65659
Title: Application of Mitscherlich-Bray Equation for Fertilizer Use in Barley Production in the Wolaita of Southern Ethiopia
Author: Mesfin Kassa and M. Senapathy
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (10) Oct. 22 page 1186-1193 2022.
Subject: Application of Mitscherlich-Bray Equation for Fertilizer Use in Barley Production in the Wolaita of Southern Ethiopia
Keywords: Barley, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Total value cost ratio
Abstract: The experiments were intended at three locations to formulate different levels of NPK fertilizers recommendations for barley based on the Mitscherlich-Bray equation at the Wolaita zone in southern Ethiopia. The experiments were laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with factorial arrangements applying NPK with three replications. Treatments were levels of N (0.23 and 46, P, 0, 10, 20 and 30 and K, 0, 25 and 50 kg/ha) in all possible combinations. The theoretical maximum yield of barley was calculated by plotting log y vs 1/x (amount of nutrients applied). Fertilizer recommendations for various soil fertility levels and yield targets were developed and their validities were tested by conducting three field verification trials on the same soils. The results showed that although the general recommended fertilizer dose resulted in the highest yield of barley at all the locations, total value cost ratio and net revenue were lowest with this fertilizer treatment and maximum yield treatment was superior in terms of the economics of fertilizer. The model considers the interactions of N, P and K and soil properties adjusted potential yield of the region, which predicts crop yields from chemical soil characteristics, as an indicator of soil fertility.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Muhe, K. and A. Assefa. 2011. Diversity and agronomic potential of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Landraces in variable production system, Ethiopia. World J. Agric. Sci., 7 (5): 599-603. CSA. 2014. Agricultural sample survey for the 2013/2014 crop season (volume I). Report on area and production of major crops private peasant holdings, Meher season. Statistical Bulletin, FDRE/CSA, Central Statistical Agency, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Literature cited 2: Deressa, A. 2013. Evaluation of soil acidity in agricultural soils of smallholder farmers in south-western Ethiopia. Sci. Tech. Arts Res. J., 2(2): 01-06. Kassa, F.K.M. and W. Haile. 2018. Effect of nutrient supply on nutrient use efficiency and yield of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) in Wolaita, southern Ethiopia. Int. J. Curr. Res. Aca. Rev., 6(12):48-58. DOI: 10.20546/ijcrar.2018.612.006.


ID: 65658
Title: Feasibility Studies on the Removal of Rose Bengal Dye through Electrolytic Degradation
Author: Aswin Sriram and Anish Nair
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (10) Oct. 22 page 1178-1185 2022.
Subject: Feasibility Studies on the Removal of Rose Bengal Dye through Electrolytic Degradation
Keywords: Rose Bengal, Advanced oxidation, Electro-Fenton, ANOVA, Genetic algorithm
Abstract: Removal of colour during the treatment of wastewater has always urged the scientific community to create sustainable, cost-saving and novel methods in recent times. The present study aims to study the feasibility of the removal of Rose Bengal dye from an aqueous solution through an electrolytic oxidation reaction. Zinc and carbon cathodes are placed in an electrolytic solution containing Fenton’s reagent and Rose Bengal dye ranging from concentrations of 4 to 12 ppm. The operational parameters like voltage (4.8 V, 6 V and 7.2 V), catalyst concentration (0.18 mM, 0.27 mM and 0.36 mM) and electrode selection were varied to determine the maximum removal efficiency. The combination of 4.8 V – 0.36 mM – 4 ppm presented a maximum removal efficiency of 92.97% for zinc electrode while the combination of 7.2 V – 0.36 mM – 4 ppm showed maximum removal of 94.99% for carbon electrode in Rose Bengal removal from aqueous solution. The results from the laboratory studies were interpreted with a variance analysis through ANOVA and regression equations with a desirability factor of more than 94% were obtained.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Sriram, A. and G. Swaminathan. 2018. Removal of Rose Bengal dye from aqueous solutions using chitosan coated activated carbon prepared from Prosopis juliflora. Indian J. Env. Prot., 38(10):827–835. Gupta, V.K., et al. 2012. Batch and bulk removal of hazardous colouring agent Rose Bengal by adsorption techniques using bottom ash as adsorbent. RSC Adv., 2(22):8381–8389.
Literature cited 2: Naushad, M., et al. 2016. Adsorption of Rose Bengal dye from aqueous solution by amberlite Ira-938 resin: Kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic studies. Desalin. Water Treat., 57(29):13527–13533. Kooh, M.R.R., et al. 2016. Separation of toxic Rhodamine B from aqueous solution using an efficient low-cost material, Azolla pinnata, by adsorption method. Env. Monit. Assess., 188(2):1–15.


ID: 65657
Title: The Impact of Stubble Burning on Air Quality and Anaerobic Biogas Plants as a Viable Solution – An Opportunity Analysis for Punjab, India
Author: Ritvik Rai, Kanishk Chaudhary and Uma S. Dubey
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (10) Oct. 22 page 1167-1177 2022.
Subject: The Impact of Stubble Burning on Air Quality and Anaerobic Biogas Plants as a Viable Solution – An Opportunity Analysis for Punjab, India
Keywords: Satellite imagery, Stubble burning, Sustainable agriculture, Pollution, Biogas, Anaerobic digestion, Farmers
Abstract: Stubble burning and its resultant pollutants have adversely affected the environment and posed serious health hazards. It is very important to understand the situation from the farmer’s perspective and from the perspective of conserving the environment. In the present study, a critical analysis of stubble burning and its effects on the neighbouring city of Delhi has been done with the help of satellite imagery and simultaneously analysing the air quality index. The effect of pollutant dispersion on neighbouring areas has been studied at the time point when stubble burning takes place and over the following time intervals in the adjoining area. Furthermore, this study conducts an economic analysis of biogas plant establishment, biogas and biofertilizer generation from stubble and its sale. Thus, this study provides an opportunity analysis on how the stubble can be put to better use to produce utilizable cooking gas and fertilisers, which can directly benefit farmers, besides being economically and environmentally rewarding. The paper concludes with policy-related suggestions including setting up of corporative societies including the farmers as participants.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Dennis, A., et al. 2002. Air pollutant emissions associated with forest, grassland and agricultural burning in Texas. Atmos. Env., 36(23):3779-3792. Ramadas, S., T.M.K. Kumar and G.P. Singh. 2020. Wheat production in India: Trends and prospects. In Recent advances in grain crops research. Ed F. Shah, et al. IntechOpen.
Literature cited 2: Directorate of Rice Development. 2014. Status paper on rice. Available at: http://drdpat.bih. nic.in/Downloads/Status-Paper-on-Rice.pdf. Bhuvaneshwari, S., H. Hettiarachchi and J. Meegoda. 2019. Crop residue burning in India: Policy challenges and potential solutions. Int. J. Env. Res. Public Health. 16(5): 832.


ID: 65656
Title: Thermochemical Valourization of Corn Cob Biomass Waste: Thermogravimetric Analysis and Pyrolysis Studies
Author: M.Y. Guida, B. Rebbah, N. Anter, A. Chennani, A. Medaghri-Alaoui, E. M. Rakib and A. Hannioui
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (10) Oct. 22 page 1155-1166 2022.
Subject: Thermochemical Valourization of Corn Cob Biomass Waste: Thermogravimetric Analysis and Pyrolysis Studies
Keywords: Corn cob biomass, Thermogravimetric analysis, Pyrolysis, Bio-oil, Bio-char
Abstract: In present study, decomposition analysis and pyrolysis studies of corn cob biomass waste were carried out using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and stainless-steel tubular reactor. Thermal degradation of corn cob was examined at different heating rates ranging from 2-20°C/min (2, 5, 10 and 20°C/min) in inert atmosphere between 20°C and 900°C. Friedman (FR) and Vyazovkin (VYA) methods were used to determine activation energy values for pyrolysis of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin. Pyrolysis experiments were carried out in a stainless steel tubular reactor from 200-700°C with a heating rate of 5°C/min, a particle size of 0.2-0.4 mm and nitrogen flow rate of 100 mL/min, which the aim to study how temperature affects bio-oil, bio-char and gas products. Bio-oil and bio-char products were characterized by elemental analysis, FTIR, NMR, XRD and column chromatography. The results of this work showed that three stages have been identified in the thermal decomposition of corn cob biomass. The apparent activation energies obtained for decomposition of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin original from corn cob were given as 151.45-172.4 KJ/mol, 204-235.87 KJ/mol and 234.45-245.8 KJ/mol, respectively. It was concluded that temperature has a significant effect on product yields. The maximum bio-oil yield of 45.6 wt% was obtained at a pyrolysis temperature of 500°C. Solid and liquid products obtained were characterized by elemental analysis, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), x-ray diffraction (XRD) and column chromatography. The analysis of liquid and solid products showed that bio-oil and bio-char from corn cob biomass could be a prospective source of renewable fuel production and values added chemical products.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Malakar, A., et al. 2021. Nanomaterials in the environment, human exposure pathway and health effects: A review. Sci. Total Env., 759:143470. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143470. Xiao, Y., et al. 2017. Bromination of petroleum coke for elemental mercury capture. J. Hazard. Mater., 336:232-239. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.20 17.04.040.
Literature cited 2: Shang, H., et al. 2013. Development of microwave induced hydrosulphurization of petroleum streams: A review. J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 19(4):1061-1068. Dostal, Z. and L. Ladanyi. 2018. Demands on energy storage for renewable power sources. J. Energy Storage. 18:250-255.


ID: 65655
Title: Hydrological Studies of Atlur Mandal in YSR District, andhra Pradesh using SRTM data and GIS Techniques
Author: B. Muralidhara Reddy, V. Sunitha and S.C. Subramanyam
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (9) Sep. 22 page 1146-1152 2022.
Subject: Hydrological Studies of Atlur Mandal in YSR District, andhra Pradesh using SRTM data and GIS Techniques
Keywords: Hydrological studies, Morphometric parameters, Atlur mandal, SRTM data, ArcGIS
Abstract: This study attempts to study the hydrological characteristics of Atlur area sub-watershed using geoprocessing techniques in GIS. This technique is found relevant for the extraction of study area and its drainage networks. The extracted drainage network was classified according to Strahler’s system of classification, and it reveals that the terrain exhibits dendritic to sub-dendritic drainage patterns. The study area was of fifth order to lower order streams with a drainage density value of 1.48 km/km2. The slope of basin varied from 0-450 and the slope variation is chiefly controlled by the local geology and erosion cycles. The elongation ratio of the basin is 0.63 indicating that the study area is elongated with moderate relief and steep slopes. The drainage texture of the basin is 3.1 indicating an intermediate texture that exists over the region. Remote sensing data (SRTM-DEM) coupled with geoprocessing techniques prove to be a competent tool used in morphometric analysis and evaluation of linear, slope, areal and relief aspects of morphometric parameters. Moreover, the data can be used for basin management and other hydrological studies in future.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Strahler, A.N. 1964. Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basins and channel networks. In Handbook of applied geology. Ed V.T. Chow. McGraw Hill Book Company, New York. Rastogi, R.A. and T.C. Sharma. 1976. Quantitative analysis of drainage basin characteristics. J. Soil Water Conser. India. 26(1-4):18-25.
Literature cited 2: Magesh, N.S. and N. Chandrasekar. 2012. GIS model based morphometric evaluation of Tamiraparani sub-basin, Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu, India. Arab J. Geosci., DOI:10.1007/s12517-012-0742-z. Rudraiah, M., S. Govindaiah and S.S. Vittala. 2008. Morphometry using remote sensing and GIS techniques in the sub-basins of Kagna river basin, Gulbarga district, Karnataka, India, J. Indian Soc. Remote Sens., 36:351-360.


ID: 65654
Title: Treatment of Wastewater using Bioflocculant Produced by Serratia marcesens and Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Author: Zinah M. Mahdi, Manar A. Ehmud and Duaa S. Khazaal
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (9) Sep. 22 page 1141-1145 2022.
Subject: Treatment of Wastewater using Bioflocculant Produced by Serratia marcesens and Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Keywords: Bioflocculation, Bioflocculant crude, Wastewater, S. marcesens, Turbidity
Abstract: Two local bacterial isolates were used in the production of bio flocculants that help in reducing some pollutants from wastewater. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Serratia marcesens were isolated from Rustumiya wastewater treatment plant in Baghdad, Iraq. Kurane method is used in bio flocculate production and Kaolin clay test is applied for flocculation efficiency. The optimum output of bio-flocculant was obtained after an incubation period of 30°C for 48 hr, pH 7 and with an inoculum volume of 2 mL with three concentrations (100, 200 and 300 mg/L). Flocculation efficiency of 86.5%, 87.3% and 94. 5% was seen by S. marcesens, P. aeruginosa and alum, respectively. The maximum activity of reduction process was observed with chemical oxygen demand, biological oxygen demand and turbidity with P. aeruginosa (95%, 64.2%, 68.7%) and S. marcesens (65.2%, 70%, 82.7%), consecutively. P. aeruginosa showed slight but evident reduction efficiency in BOD and COD.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Zhang, C.L., Y.N. Cui and Y. Wang. 2012. Bio-floculants produced from bacteria for decolou-rization Cr removal and swine wastewater application. Sustain. Env. Res., 22(2):129-134. Minora, T., K. Ryuichiro and N. Isei. 1991. Localization of a biopolymer produced by Rhodococcus erythropolis grown on n-pentadecane. Agric. Biol. Chem., 55(10):2665-2666.
Literature cited 2: Bajaj, I.B. and R.S. Singhal. 2011. Flocculation properties of poly (y-glutamic acid) produced by Bacillus subtilis isolate. Food Bioprocess Tech., 4:745-752. Leonard, M., et al. 2012. Studies on bioflocculant production by Arthrobacter sp. Raatsa freshwater bacterium isolated from Tyume river South Africa. Int. J. Molec. Sci., 13:1054-1065.


ID: 65653
Title: Exergy, Efficiency and Economic Analysis of Bell Colman Cycle Hybrid Solar Still
Author: N. Prasanna, M. Naveen, K.S. Naveen and S. Mytil
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (9) Sep. 22 page 1133-1140 2022.
Subject: Exergy, Efficiency and Economic Analysis of Bell Colman Cycle Hybrid Solar Still
Keywords: Desalination, Hybrid still, Exergy efficiency economic analysis, Air refrigeration system
Abstract: The increment of productivity of solar desalination system is obtained by proper modification of solar still. Researchers have done extensive work on solar still by varying the operating and design parameters but productivity is still low. The main objective of this work is to evaluate the modification done on the solar still and compared it with conventional solar still. Exergy, efficiency and economic (3E) analysis was performed for the Bell Colman cycle hybrid solar still. An air refrigeration system was combined with the solar still. Refrigeration system is the best source for both heating and cooling. Experiments were carried out for both conventional and hybrid still with same operating and design parameters. Maximum productivity obtained in hybrid still was 0.863 L/m2/day. The obtained output of 3E analysis for hybrid still depicts that exergy efficiency is maximum as 24% at 15:00 hr, efficiency is maximum as 27% at 16:00 hr and thermo-economic analysis shows that cost of water produced was 0.075$/L/m2. Productivity, exergy, efficiency and cost per liter of hybrid still were compared and found to be more effective than the conventional still.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: WATER. 1993. The power, promise and turmoil of North America’s freshwater. National Geographic (Special edn). Burn, S.H., et al. 2015. Desalination techniques– A review of the opportunities for desalination in agriculture. Desalination. 364:2-16.
Literature cited 2: Khawaji, A.D., I.K. Kutubkhanah and J.M. Wie. 2008. Advances in seawater desalination technologies. Desalination. 221(1-3):47-69. Bilal, A.A., M.S. Mohsen and W. Nayfeh. 2000. Experimental study of the basin type solar still under local climate conditions. Energy Conversion Manage., 41:883-890.


ID: 65652
Title: Mechanism of Arsenic Release from Minerals and its Mitigation
Author: Ghazal Hashmi and A.R. Quaff
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (9) Sep. 22 page 1126-1132 2022.
Subject: Mechanism of Arsenic Release from Minerals and its Mitigation
Keywords: Arsenic, Mobilization, Groundwater, Remediation, Orpiment, Realgar
Abstract: Prevention of leaching of arsenic in groundwater can be effectively done by controlling the discharge from its source minerals. The design of effective methodology for source control requires in-depth knowledge about behaviour of arsenic and its minerals in groundwater and the interactions between other metals under different circumstances. In this study, determination of mechanisms of arsenic leaching, a series of leaching experiments using arsenic sulphide minerals, that is orpiment and realgar was performed at various parameters. Results from the experiment revealed that arsenic leaching increased with leaching time, dissolved oxygen and ferrous concentration and at optimum Fe (II) level, maximum value of arsenic concentration was obtained. The analysis indicates that arsenic is first released from orpiment and realgar as arsenite (III) via the primary reactions. Arsenite (III) is consequently oxidized to arsenate (V), the rate of which increases with dissolved oxygen concentration as more Fe (II) is oxidized to Fe (III). Given this, it is suggested that the oxidative dissolution of iron oxide is the dominant mechanism of arsenic release from minerals into groundwater. Based on the result obtained, a remediate method for effective control of leaching of arsenic from minerals was determined.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Madhukar, M., B.M.S. Murthy and T.H. Udaya-shankara. 2016. Sources of arsenic in groundwater and its health significance. A review. Nature Env. Poll. Tech., 15(3):971-979. Hada, S., et al. 202. Suppression of arsenic release from alkaline excavated rock by calcium dissolved from steel slag. Env. Geochem. Health. 42(11):3983-3993. DOI: 10.1007/s/0653-020-00657-5.
Literature cited 2: Smedley, P.L. and D.G. Kinniburgh. 2002. A review of the source, behaviour and distribution of arsenic in natural waters. Appl. Geochem., 17:517-568. Huq, S.M.I., et al. 2006. Arsenic contamination in food-chain: Transfer of arsenic into food materials through groundwater irrigation. J. Health Popul. Nutr., 24(3): 305-316.


ID: 65651
Title: Ecocriticism: Environment and Covid-19
Author: Komal Rakwal and Amitabh Vikram Dwivedi
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (9) Sep. 22 page 1122-1125 2022.
Subject: Ecocriticism: Environment and Covid-19
Keywords: Ecocriticism, Covid-19, Pandemic, Environment, Pollution, Crisis, Conservation
Abstract: From air we breathe to water we drink; we are using earth’s resources at an expandable rate and in return, we are producing excess carbon dioxide by cutting trees, urban and rural development and climate change. There are certain questions that are raised and seek to address the relationship between man and nature. The paper will hopefully contribute towards the exposing and undoing of the various kinds of denialism that have held us in its tight hold. Ecocriticism continues to support and facilitate attempts to establish a sense and morally sustainable set of relationships between us, human beings and other inanimate and animate environments. human beings have been continuously destroying their own planet as they may not continue to exist. The paper highlights the Covid-19 crisis and our impact on environment. The present paper gives a summary of coronavirus, its existing state of spread and environmental and ecological risks resulting from the pandemic.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Glotfelty, C. and H. Fromm. 1996. Landmarks in literary ecology. The Ecocriticism Reader: Landmarks in literary ecology, University of Georgia Press, Athens. Rueckert, William. 1996. Literature and ecology: An experiment in ecocriticism. Iowa Review. 9(1): 71-86.
Literature cited 2: Love, A.G. 2003. Practical ecocriticsm: Literature, biology and the environment. University of Virginia Press, London. Ali, I. and O.M. Alharbi. 2020. Covid-19: Disease, management, treatment and social impact. Sci. Total Env., 728:138861. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv. 2020.138861.


ID: 65650
Title: Bioremediation of Congo Red using wild and mutant Aspergillus flavus
Author: Kavinkumar M., Sivaselvam M., Dishonprabhu C., Iswariya Lakshmi P. and Lokesh P.
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (9) Sep. 22 page 1116-1121 2022.
Subject: Bioremediation of Congo Red using wild and mutant Aspergillus flavus
Keywords: Fungi, mutation, Congo red, Bioremediation, Textile industry
Abstract: The main cause of aquatic pollution is the water effluents from the textile industries. To bioremediate the dye some micro-organisms can be used especially, the fungus present in the soil can bioremediate the dye. The fungal strains were isolated from the dye-affected soil. The soil sample was collected from the Noyal River near A. Valasu, taluk Kangayam, district Tirupur, Tamil Nadu, India. The isolated fungus was studied morphologically and confirmed as Aspergillus flavus then the fungus was subjected to physical and chemical mutagens, such as UV light and ethyl methyl sulphonate. Finally, the degradation capacity of the wild and mutant Aspergillus flavus was screened against congo red using calorimetry. it was observed that 70.58% of degradation was done by wild fungi whereas 78.43% of degradation was observed on mutant type with Congo red. Thus, it was proved that the mutant fungal strain could degrade the Congo red faster than wild-type strain.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Dhanjal, N.I.K., et al. 2013. Biodegradation of textile dyes using fungal isolates. J. Env. Sci. Tech., 6(2):99-105. Rani, B., et al. 2014. Bioremediation of dyes by fungi isolated from contaminated dye effluent sites for bio-usability. Brazilian J. Microbial., 45(3):1055-1063.
Literature cited 2: Lellis, B., et al. 2019. Effects of textile dyes on health and the environment and bioremediation potential of living organisms. Biotech. Res. Innovation. 3:275-290. Purohit, M.K. and P.V. Desai. 2014. Production, purification and in-silico characterization of azo reductase enzyme azor 1KF803342 from Pluraf-ibactor gergoviae involved in dye degradation. J. Bioremed. Biodeg., 5(2):1-7. DOI: 10.4172/2155-6199.1000217


ID: 65649
Title: Sustainable Development Through Smart Cities: Issues and Challenges
Author: Kush Kalra, Pradeep Kulshrestha and Bhanu Tanwar
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (9) Sep. 22 page 11108-1115 2022.
Subject: Sustainable Development Through Smart Cities: Issues and Challenges
Keywords: Sustainable city, Smart environment, Green building, Pollution, Water management, Energy efficiency
Abstract: Smart city is about incorporating ‘smart thinking’ in the city’s urban design and planning with a focus on people place and planet. Cities around the world have taken a conscious effort in adopting smart city concepts and strategies to shape better cities for our environment. However, smart and sustainable city concepts need to be viewed together by integrating good planning and design into their physical and social fabric with a focus on people, place and planet alongwith information and communication technologies (ICT) to improve the quality of life of the city and its people. Through technology, cities can function more efficiently and adapt to their new environments better by utilising real-time data monitoring, assessment and sharing as information is received and can optimise decision-making to better understand and improve the status quo and quality of city life. A smart and sustainable city should be discussed together and should focus on encompassing three core values—people, place and planet while highlighting planning and design with ‘smart thinking’ as the central themes of developing smart and sustainable cities. This article will explore how smart and sustainable environment is achieved when applying ‘smart thinking’ to the city’s development with various cities as a case study of the principles.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer. 2014. Climate change 2014 : Synthesis report. Contribution of groups I, II and III to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland. Calvillo, C.F., A.S. Miralles and J. Villar. 2016. Energy management and planning in smart cities. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., 55:273-287. DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2015.10.133.
Literature cited 2: Khansari, N., A. Mostashari and M. Mansouri. 2014. Impacting sustainable behaviour of planning in smart city. Int. J. Sustain. Landuse Urban Plan. 1(2):46-61. Smale, R., V.B. Van and G. Spaargaren. 2017. When social practices meet smart grids: Flexibility, grid management and domestic consumption in The Netherlands. Energy Res. Soc. Sci., 34:132-140. DOI:10.1016/j.erss.2017. 06.037.


ID: 65648
Title: Rainfall Runoff Modeling for Wainganga River Sub-Basin Using HEC-HMS Model
Author: Bikram Prasad, H. L. Tiwari, R. Galkate and Shashank Khare
Editor: Dr. Jyoti Verma
Year: 2022
Publisher: Kalpana Corporation
Source: ENVIS, CES & EWRG, CES
Reference: Indian Journal of Environmental Protection Vol 42 (9) Sep. 22 page 1101-1107 2022.
Subject: Rainfall Runoff Modeling for Wainganga River Sub-Basin Using HEC-HMS Model
Keywords: HEC-HMS, Rainfall runoff modelling, ArcGIS 10.8, Landuse/land cover, Hydrological soil groups, Nash Sutcliffe efficiency, Coefficient of determination
Abstract: Rainfall runoff relationship in which rainfall is transformed into runoff is extremely complicated as there is non-linear variation with time and spatial distribution. Advancement of technology has played a major role in the development of many models which sorted out the problems of humans on a large scale. In this study the estimation of runoff for Wainganga river sub-basin through HEC-HMS modelling had been determined. The various landuse land cover (LULC) classes, as well as the various hydrological soil groups (HSGs), had been discussed. Different model performance characteristics had been compared after the calibration and validation process and the model’s applicability for the study area had been observed. The meteorological model was created using rainfall data in HEC-HMS and the control specifications determined the simulation run’s duration and time phase. The calibration was carried out for the time period of 2016 – 2018 with Nash Sutcliffe efficiency coefficient, NSE=0.81 and coefficient of determination, R2=0.87 which proved more efficient upon validation for 2019 – 2020 with NSE=0.85 and R2=0.95. The calibrated and validated results showed a minimal difference and very good agreement between simulated and observed runoff values.
Location: T E 15 New Biology building
Literature cited 1: Cunderlik, M.J. 2003. Hydrologic model selection for the CFCAS project. Assessment of water resources risk and vulnerability to changing climatic conditions. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada. Giandotti, M. 1934. Forecast of floods and lean waters. Istituto Poligrafico Stato. 8: 107-117
Literature cited 2: Ouédraogo, W.A.A., J.M. Raude and J.M. Gathenya. 2018. Continuous modeling of the Mkurumudzi river catchment in Kenya using the HEC-HMS conceptual model: Calibration, validation, model performance evaluation and sensitivity analysis. Hydrol., 5(44): 1-18. doi:10.3390/hydrology5030044. Granato, G.E. 2012. Estimating basin lag time and hydrograph-timing indexes used to characterize storm flows for runoff-quality analysis: Scientific investigations report 2012-5110. U.S. Geological Survey.